While writing data, checksums are created and stored. When read again, a new checksum is created and compared to the initial checksum. If incorrect, a checksum is created from another copy of the data. After succesful comparison this data is used to repair the corrupted copy in order to stay compliant with the configured protection level.
Disk Scrubbing is a background process that is used to perform checksum comparisons of all data stored within the solution. This way stale data is also verified for corruption.
Nutanix, ECP [HCI]/5.11, Starter
Data Corruption Detection, Reads/Writes, Data Availability