Private Cloud Platforms comparison & reviews

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Microsoft Corp AppScale VMware Inc
Analysis expand by John Gallucci
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  • Fully Supported
  • Limitation
  • Not Supported
  • Information Only
Pros
  • + True Disconnected Offering of Cloud System
  • + IaaS and PaaS Solution
  • + Enterprise Solution
  • + Mature on-prem IaaS solution
  • + High-fidelity implementation of AWS APIs
  • + Proven at scale over years of operation
  • + Full-Fledged IaaS
  • + Mature Vendor
  • + Enterprise Solution
Cons
  • - Disconnected Mode Only Billed as Capacity
  • - New to Market
  • - Closed Solution
  • - Recent acquisition concerns
  • - No administrative GUI
  • - Missing features beyond API compatability
  • - Complex
  • - Little PaaS Capability
  • - Heavily Dependent on Underlying Hardware
  Content  
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Content Creator
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Overview
Azure Stack is Microsofts extension of Azure that provides a way to deliver Azure services in an on-premises environment. (see details)
Integrated software stack with AWS-compatible IaaS services.
VMware Cloud Foundation is an integrated software stack which bundles VMware components (see details)
  Assessment  
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Maturity
Azure Stack was made publicly available June of 2017 and builds off of Azure which has been available since February of 2010
Based on the Eucalyptus code-base that has been in production for over a decade, powering installations beyond 200K cores in size.
VMware is a strong contender in the marketplace and VCF is comprised of components that have been tried and tested in the datacenter
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Disconnected Offering
Azure Stack can be deployed in disconnected mode
Can be deployed in a disconnected environment
VMware Cloud Foundation can be deployed on premises as a stack for a private cloud
Infrastructure Services expand
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  Compute  
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Virtual servers
Azure Stack allows for the deployment of virtual servers called virtual machines
Virtual servers are called cloud instances (equivalent to EC2 instances in AWS)
VMware Cloud Foundation bundles vSphere which includes the ESXi virtualization platform for creating and running virtual machines and virtual appliances
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VM Type - General Purpose
General purpose VMs are Basic A, Standard A, Av2-series, D-series, DS-series, Dv2-series, DSv2-series
Virtual machine hardware can be configured to take full advantage of the underlying hosts hardware. A collection of instance types can be customized in terms of vCPUs, memory, and disk.
You can configure the virtual machine hardware to take advantage of the underlying hosts hardware
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VM Type - Compute Optimized
Computed optimized VMs are F-series, Fs-series, Fsv2-series
Compute-optimized instance types can be customized by modifying the instance type
You can configure the virtual machine hardware to take advantage of the underlying hosts hardware. For compute optimized instances, you would increase the CPU resources
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VM Type - Memory Optimized
Memory optimized VMs are D-series, DS-series, Dv2-series, DSv2-series
Memory-optimized instance types can be customized by modifying the instance type
You can configure the virtual machine hardware to take advantage of the underlying hosts hardware. For memory optimized instances, you would increase the memory resources
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VM Type - Accelerated (GPU)
There are no accelerated VM offerings with a GPU
GPU instance types can be customized through advanced configuration only. No official documentation.
You can configure the virtual machine hardware to take advantage of the underlying hosts GPU hardware
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Metadata URL
While Azure has an Instance Metadata service, this functionality is not currently supported on Azure Stack
Metadata URL, featuring EC2-compatible information and thus compatible with cloud-init, is reachable from instances.
There is no built-in way to access this functionality. (see details)
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Rapid Provisioning
You can easily and quickly deploy virtual machines using the Azure Stack console
System components enable fast provisioning, particularly of EBS-backed instances.
You can easily deploy VMs using a wizard, template, or cloning another VM
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Resize existing VM
This functionality is supported in Azure Stack as well
EBS-backed instances can be resized after stopping by modifying InstanceType attribute via ModifyInstanceAttribute request (in CLI or Console).
You can easily resize an existing VM by changing its virtual hardware after creation such as CPU and memory
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Resource Management
The Azure Resource Manager provides a platform to manage all resources deployed within the Azure Stack
Resources can be managed from either the Console or CLI/API
Resources can be managed from either the vSphere Web Client or the vSphere Client
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Scalability
Azure Stack includes scale sets which allow for automatic scaling of instances based on load
AWS AutoScaling APIs are supported, with performance-based triggers for up- and down-scaling.
There is no vSphere functionality to easily scale up or down VMs from the console
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VM Imaging
You can create and publish a custom marketplace item
Images (akin to AMIs and AKIs) can be created and shared with other cloud users. Existing instances can be saved into an image.
You can clone a virtual machine to a template which can then be used to deploy other virtual machines later
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VM Import/Export
You can import and export a disk used by a VM. In addition, you may be able to import/export a VM state but this is not confirmed (see details)
Instances can be imported using raw disk or VHD formats. Exports done manually at hypervisor level. No API support for the operation exists.
You can import and export virtual machines in the OVF and OVA formats
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VM live migration
Azure Stack supports live VM migration as a preventative measure to protect resources from failing hardware
VMs can be live-migrated using CLI / API. In the event of a host failure instances to not automatically restart.
You can perform a live migration of a virtual machine without affecting availability, called a hot migration, using vMotion
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VM to host affinity
This capability is not supported by Azure Stack
Not supported. Can only be achieved by backend administration using instance migration.
You can create VM to host affinity rules within a DRS cluster
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VM to host anti-affinity
Azure Stack provides Availability Sets which replicate the VM across different hosts for high availability thus enforcing host anti-affinity
Not supported. Can only be achieved by backend administration using instance migration.
You can create VM to host anti-affinity rules within a DRS cluster
  Networking  
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Cloud virtual networking
The Network Resource Provider delivers a series of Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) features
Overlays a virtual network on top of your existing network. Supports EDGE (EC2 Classic) and VPCMIDO (AWS VPC) modes.
VMware Cloud Foundation bundles NSX Data Center for vSphere which provides a platform programmatically managing software-defined virtual networks
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Cross-premises connectivity
Cross-premises connectivity can be established in Azure Stacks which are deployed in the connected mode
Support for AWS VPN Gateway is available but only when using VPCMIDO network mode.
The VCF platform is integrated into the customer datacenter and provides cross-premises connectivity to other customer networks
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DNS hostname resolution
Azure Stack supports DNS hostname resolution
DNS names for VM instances is supported automatically
You can install NSX Edge as an Edge Services Gateway (ESG) between networks which will then allow you to configure external DNS servers. (see details)
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DNS zone management
Azure Stack supports the creation and management of DNS zones and records using both the console and the API
No mention in the documentation
No mention in documentation. Functionality would need to be built up by the end-user and then VMware components can take advantage of it
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IP reassignment
You can reassign an IP by modifying the virtual network interface or by deleting it and creating a new one (Experience)
Elastic IP and Elastic Network Interface functionality enables flexible IP address assignment.
You can statically set an VMs IP address from vSphere as well as specify a network protocol which is a pool of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses that vCenter will assign to virtual machines
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Load balancing
The Azure Stack provides load balancing functionality
Elastic Load Balancer is an included service.
You can install NSX Edge as an Edge Services Gateway (ESG) and take advantage of the logical load balancer
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Network Interfaces
You can create and modify network interfaces attached to virtual machines (Experience)
Elastic Network Interface functionality allows attaching and detaching of virtual NICs to instances
Virtual machines can have a variety of different network adapters added and configured
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Outbound Network Connectivity
The Azure Stack is integrated into the customers datacenter and has outbound network connectivity to the customers border
Can be configured to connect to external networks with both EDGE (EC2 Classic) and VPCMIDO (Amazon VPC) networking modes.
You can connect virtual machines to the physical network
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Public IP Address
Azure Stack supports IPv4 public addresses
Public IP addresses can be assigned to instances either automatically or from a pool of Elastic IP addresses.
You can connect virtual machines to the physical network
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SR-IOV support
No mention of this capability for Azure Stack
Can be customized to use SR-IOV for instance networking by advanced configuration only. No official documentation.
There is a specific network adapter type (SR-IOV passthrough) designed to enable and support SR-IOV networking
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VM Security Groups
VM Security groups are provided as network security groups
Instances can be added to a security group which has a specific network security policy applied to it.
Virtual Machines can be added to a security group which has a specific network security policy applied to it
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Virtual Network Peering
Not supported as of 20190124
Ability to create a peering connection between two VPCs is supported.
You can set up cross-vCenter deployments as well as implement VPNs to access corporate and other cloud networks securely
  Storage  
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Object storage
Azure Stack provides blob storage for object storage
Supports S3-compatible object storage using its Object Storage Gateway (OSG)
No mention in the documentation
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Block storage
Azure Stack supports page blobs which are the equivalent of block storage
Elastic Block Storage (EBS) provides block-level storage volumes that you can attach to instances.
vSphere provides a variety of different storage options and functionalities
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Shared file storage
Azure Stack does not provide a SMB or NFS solution
Shared file storage is not supported.
VMWare provides NFS but not SMB storage solutions
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Backup
Microsoft Azure Backup Server can be used to back up data within Azure Stack (see details)
Procedures for backing up and restoring everything except root disks of instance-store (ephemeral) instances are documented.
VCF provides backup and restore capability of components
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Local Data Protection
Local data is encrypted and replicated across nodes in case of hardware failure
Relies on replication features of underlying software and hardware (RAID and Ceph) for local data protection from hardware failures.
Virtual Volumes support replication capabilities for disaster recovery
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Remote Replication
The only replication option available is locally redundant storage
No special functionality for automatic remote replication are provided, but backup process can include transfer of backed up data offsite for disaster recovery.
Virtual Volumes support replication capabilities for disaster recovery
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